American Journal of Agriculture, Horticulture and Soil Science (AJAHS) —Open Access Journal

American Journal of Agriculture, Horticulture and Soil Science (AJAHS) ISSN: (2227-2078) is an international, cross-disciplinary, scholarly, peer-reviewed and open-access journal consists of Agricultural science, Horticultural concepts, and soil science. American Journal of Agriculture, Horticulture and Soil Science (AJAHS) provides an advanced forum for Agriculture and horticulture engineering. American Journal of Agriculture, Horticulture and Soil Science (AJAHS) publishes bi-monthly (2 months/publication or 6 times a year) online by SDIP PRESS.

  • Open Access free for readers, with article processing charges (APC) paid by authors or their institutions.
  • Rapid publication: manuscripts are peer-reviewed and a first decision provided to authors approximately 4-7 working days after submission; acceptance to publication is undertaken within 5 working days.

Impact Factor: 4.9 Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science

American Journal of Agriculture, Horticulture and Soil Science (AJAHS)  - Latest Articles

Open Access Category: AJAHS Total View - 445
Phenotypic evaluation of cassava genotypes (Manihot esculenta) under moisture stress Paper ID: AJAHS-24-12-2020-185
Abstract : Food security continues to be affected by global climatic changes which include increase in drought stress that reduces food availability to feed an ever growing population. One of the sustainable solutions is the development of crop cultivars that are tolerant to such stresses. Among food crops, cassava has a very high potential to mitigate hunger. A field experiment was conducted to evaluate the performance of 79 cassava (Manihot esculenta) varieties under drought stress. The parameters evaluated were storage root fresh weight (SRFW), number of storage roots (NSR), above ground weight (AGW), plant height (PH), harvest index (HI) and leaf retention (LR). Generally, water deficit suppressed cassava growth and productivity and this was observed by lower outputs obtained from most traits under water deficit treatment as compared to well-watered treatment. SRFW was used to select best performing varieties with the highest SRFW being observed in LML/2008/363 (26 kg). Results showed significant variations among the varieties for most of the traits. Under the stressed and non-stressed treatments, positive correlations were observed between SRFW and most traits. Genotypes; LML/2008/363, TZ-130, M96/7151, MM06/0013, I95/034095-N, MM98/1642, I92/0427 and 29B29 performed well for important drought traits (NSR,AGW,HI and LR) and these are recommended as gene sources for cassava improvement programs and farmers that target maximum productivity under stressful conditions.
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Open Access Category: AJAHS Total View - 244
Performance of Onion (Allium cepa L.) in Organic System Using Combined Organic Fertilizer and Trichoderma in Split Application Paper ID: AJAHS-28-10-2019-148
Abstract : Conventional onion production in Nueva Ecija, Philippines requires excessive application of inorganic fertilizer and pesticides for maximum yield and protection from pests. In an effort to develop an alternative farming practices that is environment friendly, the research aimed to determine the response of onion on the combined use of organic fertilizer and Trichoderma in split application. The following were the treatments carried out in an organic area in a completely randomized block design: Treatment 1= Organic fertilizer alone (8t/ha) applied at planting; Treatment 2= Organic fertilizer (8t/ha) applied twice (basal and at 30 DAT); Treatment 3= Organic fertilizer (8t/ha) applied twice (basal and at 30 DAT) plus Trichoderma applied once at planting; Treatment 4= Organic fertilizer (8t/ha) applied basal and at 30DAT + Trichoderma applied twice at planting and at 30 DAT ; and Treatment 5= Organic fertilizer (8t/ha) applied twice at planting and at 30 DAT + Trichoderma applied thrice at planting, 30 DAT and during bulb formation Results indicate that the combined application of organic fertilizer (8t/ha) applied twice (basal and at 30 DAT) + Trichoderma applied thrice at planting, 30 DAT and during bulb formation consistently recorded the highest yield of 15.33 t/ha and 14.50 t/ha, during the first and second year trials, respectively.
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Open Access Category: AJAHS Total View - 133
Screening of Cane Genotypes Under Sprinkler Irrigation at Early Selection Stage for Tolerance to Sugarcane Streak Mosaic Virus (SCSMV) at Ferké Sugar Estates in Ivory Coast Paper ID: AJAHS-17-10-2019-139
Abstract : Sugarcane streak mosaic virus (SCSMV) became the major endemic disease of economic importance in Ivorian sugar estates almost two years ago, which spreads very fast across plantations and varieties. The study aimed to determine resistant sugarcane genotypes against SCSMV in Ferké sugar estates. It involved five experiments conducted at first selection stage under sprinkler irrigation, following a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 20 to 30 different genotypes, two check varieties included, all in 4 replicates. Experiments were planted in October or December 2018, and expected to be harvested in November or December 2019 and 2020 as plant cane and first ratoon, respectively. Disease incidence and severity across all experiments were determined at 3 to 4 months, i.e. at early formative growth stage where symptoms due to SCSMV can be easily observed and recognized in the field. Highly significant differences in disease incidence and severity within cane genotypes tested were observed which shows their genetic diversity regarding crop resistance or susceptibility to SCSMV. Fifty percent of genotypes tested were found tolerant that disease, 23% moderately resistant as well as susceptible, 4% highly susceptible and 5% asymptomatic or supposed to be highly resistant. At the end of the current selection stage under way, i.e. after harvest of first ratoon, only the best yielding genotypes among the resistant ones will undergo the advanced selection stage.
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Open Access Category: AJAHS Total View - 119
Abstract : Biosurfactants produced via microorganism are surface-energetic compounds involved inside the degradation of hydrocarbons. they may be a heterogeneous organization of floor active molecules produced by means of microorganisms, which adhere to the mobile floor or are excreted extracellularly within the boom medium. The biosurfactants generating microbes are useful in bioremediation of heavy metals, insecticides, and hydrocarbon infected websites. they're extensively utilized as a bio control agent to protect the plant against numerous diseases, resulting in better crop yields. the prevailing examines became aimed to isolate potential biosurfactants producing microorganism from five different oil infected websites and tested for biosurfactant manufacturing the usage of exclusive techniques includes oil spreading test, emulsification take a look at, hemolysis takes a look at and drop fall apart assay
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Open Access Category: AJAHS Total View - 936
Abstract : The Indian Sundarbans Delta (ISD) is a part of the delta of the Ganga- Brahmaputra-Meghna (GBM) basin and shared among Bangladesh (~60 %) and India (~forty %). The ISD unfold over about 9630 square kilometers between 21o30′ to 22o 40′ N, 88o 05′ to 89o 55′ E. The ISD covers 6 administrative blocks of the North 24 Parganas district (Haroa, Hansbad, Hingalganj, Minakhan, Sandeshkhali-I, Sandeshkhali-II) and thirteen blocks in South 24 Parganas (Basanti, Canning-I, Canning-II, Gosaba, Joynagar-I, Joynagar-II, Kakdwip, Kultali, Mathurapur-I, Mathurapur-II, Namkhana, Patharpatima, Sagar) of West Bengal. The vicinity reviews a subtropical monsoonal climate with an annual rainfall of 1,600– 1,800 mm. Sugarcane (Saccharum sp. hybrid complex) is a vegetatively propagated cash crop inside the world as well as in India and the juice extracted from sugarcane is used for making white sugar, brown sugar (Khandsari) and jaggery(gur). Sugarcane has a place of 17 thousand hectares with a median yield of 76.1 MT in keeping with hectare and general manufacturing of 12.94 lakh MT throughout 2017-18 in West Bengal. Sugarcane also can be eaten as is or ate up within the shape of juice, which has a big call for. a pitcher of sugarcane juice with the contact of lemon and ice makes a famous drink which honestly life both health and depleting tiers of energy. natural sugarcane juice has a robust defense in opposition to cancer, mainly breast and prostate cancer. Diabetic patients can also consume sugarcane juice because of the low glycemic index (GI). demands of sugarcane juice can easily be seen through the massive crowd rounding the roadside providers, waiting for a pitcher of Sugarcane juice. organic Jaggery (Gur) is a higher sweetener and having all of the elements of sugarcane juice in addition to sucrose and has an extra dietary fee and characteristic flavor because of natural compounds and can be prepared with the aid of sugarcane growers with the help of some skilled artisans in a small scale. installation of sugarcane juice bars/stores/stalls inside the Bus Stands, health center campuses, market places, academic institutes, one of a kind government office, Kishan Mandies, Parks, traveller Spots, spiritual locations, and so forth and organic jaggery(Gur) can considerably exchange the scenario and having possibilities of employment era as well as boom the earnings of the farmers in ISD
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